Music Everywhere

Microsoft HoloLens AR Piano Learning System

My Role

UI / UX Designer, 3D Artist


Apr.2017 - Dec.2017



Music Everywhere started as a graduate school project during my time at Carnegie Mellon University. Our team consisted of two programmers, one musician and one designer—me. Our goal: build an Augmented Reality (AR) piano learning tool.

After graduating, our success with this academic project soon inspired us to spin off into a startup to continue using AR for music learning. In April 2017, we formed our company Music Everywhere, Inc., and by December of 2017 we had entered, submitted and won first place in the Microsoft and Unity sponsored AR HoloLens competition. Along with the grand prize of $100K, we expanded and published our app to the Microsoft Store.
To read more about my experience with the Microsoft HoloLens Competition, please visit my design blog.

During the initial months of our startup’s life, we focused on developing a more polished AR experience, with the aim to publish it to the store and enter it into the HoloLens competition.


Stage 1 - What problem will we solve with Music Everywhere?

Problem and Opportunity

Most piano learning apps are designed for mobile phones and tablets. A major issue for users during play comes when users must mentally translate the instructions from the screen to the physical instrument. This seemed ripe for improvement using AR.


With AR technology, we align the 3D interface (the piano instructions) directly on the physical piano keys. This makes discerning our AR instructions with the actual instrument easier and more intuitive.
To read more about the AR Interface Design, please see this NIME2017 paper we published.


End User

We want to reach users who feel left behind from learning music due to limitations in conventional music education. Our AR solution presents a flexible approach and innovative technology that opens the door for new students to discover real musical experiences that can enrich their lives.

Stage 2 - Making the setup experience seamless

Challenge 1- Integrating technology - Bluetooth

In order to determine which note users played on the keyboard, we used a Bluetooth connection to send out a MIDI signal from the digital piano to the HoloLens. This made ensuring a good connection critical to the experience.

Challenge 2 - Account for different piano keyboard sizes

Our first version was intended for the full 88 keyed piano (full size), but there are many products in the market that feature different sizes. How do we design an experience that works for the majority of these products?

Challenge 3 - Guiding users to setup keyboard alignment

Calibration to ensure proper alignment gives the foundation for the entire experience. Without it, the instructions are useless. In our academic project, our team was always on hand to help assist users in tech setup and user calibration - we often relied on instinct, which (let’s face it) is a truly mysterious endeavor.

For a shipped product, we knew we needed to create an intuitive process for users to do this themselves, successfully and reliably.

Design Solutions

Bluetooth Connection

Due to the native HoloLens environment, users must pair Bluetooth devices through the device’s system settings. To help guide users, I created an animation to teach them how to complete this process, and included a tutorial for the Bluetooth connection process troubleshooting as well, in case the original setup was not done correctly.

bluetooth connection

Piano Size Configuration

We cover 88, 61 , 49 and 25 keys of size of pianos, which accounts for almost every kind. The system can detect the piano size after users press the first and the last key, and adapts the AR interface to the keys.

keyboard size

AR interface Alignment

A customized image tracking marker is within hand’s reach for the user to spawn the AR interface. By looking at the tracking marker, users can spawn the interface. Then place it on the middle C to adjust the alignment by easily moving the markers around.

Finding Middle C

find Middle C

Aligning the Marker on Middle C

align marker

Stage 3 - Making lessons more engaging

Challenge 1 - Designing a scalable lesson structure

Our first version enabled user to pick lessons according to genre, which posed some problems when we tried to expand the lesson content later. The problem we faced in this structure was the difficulty in making it modular and scalable. We knew we needed to redesign it.

Challenge 2 - Building the troubleshoot function

AR experiences often tend to be unstable due to technical limitations today. For example, the AR interface might drift away from the current alignment or the Bluetooth connection might disappear. Relaunching the app was annoying, but during the period we developed this at school, it was a simple fix for many bugs. When we were building our next version to publish, we knew it was critical to craft troubleshooting functions for users within the app.

Challenge 3 - AR character development & energizing the experience

People love animated characters. They’re fun, liven up a scene, and provide a fun way to instill the context of music playing with a band. To achieve this in a meaningful way, I built up more animations to sync with music beats and created more interaction scenarios.

Design Solutions

Lesson Structure

We designed the lesson packages which included several lessons within them. This allowed us to design a system that accounted for every music level, to define each lesson package’s level, and to upload more materials for the future.

lesson package

Troubleshooting function

When problems happen, users can pause the experience in place to resolve the issue.


Better virtual bands

I optimized all the 3D topology which allowed me to create more complicated animations. With these changes, the animated virtual musician step towards the user to teach them how to play, and react to the music rhythm beat by beat. This captures the user’s attention in a playful way.


Stage 4 - Materials to give the app a brand identity

Since we were publishing this app to the Microsoft Store, I knew we needed to create a brand identity that mirrored the design of the app. Below are the materials I created that represented our app’s design and experience.





Articles & Reviews

Funding Partners

Looking Ahead

Working on the Microsoft HoloLens platform allowed us to be an early publisher of AR music learning content. We got early recognition from industry leaders, but knew that our future would depend on Mobile AR. The HoloLens, though an established platform, is too expensive to ever achieve widespread adoption ($3K USD).

Looking ahead, we knew we would make our next experience using ARKit for iOS, bringing our user base pool from early adopter AR enthusiasts to the population at large. Hello, iPhone.